ArQule, Inc.
ARQULE INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/06/2010 13:59:56)

Table of Contents

 

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2010

 

Commission File No. 000-21429

 

ArQule, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

04-3221586

(State of Incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

19 Presidential Way, Woburn, Massachusetts 01801

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(781) 994-0300

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes  x   No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405) of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  o   No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer  x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company  o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o   No  x

 

Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock as of April 28, 2010:

 

Common Stock, par value $.01   44,786,656 shares outstanding

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

ARQULE, INC.

 

QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2010

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1. — Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009

5

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

 

 

Item 2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

14

 

 

 

Item 3. — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

21

 

 

 

Item 4. — Controls and Procedures

 

22

 

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1. — Legal Proceedings

 

23

 

 

 

Item 1A. — Risk Factors

 

23

 

 

 

Item 2. — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use Of Proceeds

 

23

 

 

 

Item 3. — Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

23

 

 

 

Item 4. — (Removed and Reserved)

 

23

 

 

 

Item 5 . — Other Information

 

23

 

 

 

Item 6. — Exhibits

 

23

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

24

 

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Table of Contents

 

ARQULE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

 

 

(IN THOUSANDS,
EXCEPT SHARE AND
PER SHARE DATA)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

23,463

 

$

36,551

 

Marketable securities-short term

 

119,580

 

118,126

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,289

 

2,476

 

Total current assets

 

144,332

 

157,153

 

Marketable securities-long term

 

3,719

 

8,814

 

Property and equipment, net

 

4,245

 

4,585

 

Other assets

 

1,321

 

1,328

 

Total assets

 

$

153,617

 

$

171,880

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

14,076

 

$

12,360

 

Note payable

 

39,800

 

46,100

 

Current portion of deferred revenue

 

25,160

 

24,572

 

Current portion of deferred gain on sale leaseback

 

552

 

552

 

Total current liabilities

 

79,588

 

83,584

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

69,108

 

74,321

 

Deferred gain on sale leaseback, net of current portion

 

2,301

 

2,440

 

Total liabilities

 

150,997

 

160,345

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 44,729,658 and 44,772,945 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively

 

447

 

448

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

380,488

 

379,621

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

26

 

55

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(378,341

)

(368,589

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

2,620

 

11,535

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

153,617

 

$

171,880

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim unaudited financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

ARQULE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED
MARCH 31,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(IN THOUSANDS,
EXCEPT PER
SHARE DATA)

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development revenue

 

$

6,325

 

$

5,420

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

12,444

 

11,334

 

General and administrative

 

3,329

 

3,660

 

 

 

15,773

 

14,994

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from operations

 

(9,448

)

(9,574

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

310

 

361

 

Interest expense

 

(122

)

(166

)

Other income (expense)

 

(492

)

(529

)

Net loss

 

$

(9,752

)

$

(9,908

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share

 

$

(0.22

)

$

(0.23

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average basic and diluted common shares outstanding

 

44,388

 

44,029

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim unaudited financial statements.

 

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ARQULE, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED
March 31,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,752

)

$

(9,908

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

376

 

432

 

Amortization of premium/discount on marketable securities

 

316

 

16

 

Amortization of deferred gain on sale leaseback

 

(139

)

(139

)

Non-cash stock compensation

 

866

 

1,066

 

Loss on auction rate securities put option

 

762

 

453

 

Loss (gain) on auction rate securities

 

(270

)

76

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,187

 

(306

)

Other assets

 

7

 

34

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

1,716

 

(1,933

)

Restructuring accrual, net of current portion

 

 

(78

)

Deferred revenue

 

(4,625

)

(2,845

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(9,556

)

(13,132

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(17,096

)

(30,366

)

Proceeds from sale or maturity of marketable securities

 

19,900

 

 

Additions to property and equipment

 

(36

)

(36

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

2,768

 

(30,402

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of notes payable

 

(6,300

)

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(6,300

)

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(13,088

)

(43,534

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

36,551

 

141,890

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

23,463

 

$

98,356

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim unaudited financial statements.

 

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ARQULE, INC.

 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)

 

1.               NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

We are a clinical-stage biotechnology company organized as a Delaware corporation in 1993 and engaged in the research and development of innovative cancer therapeutics. Our mission is to produce novel medicines with differentiated mechanisms of action that target the specific biological pathways implicated in a wide range of cancers.

 

Our lead product is ARQ 197, an orally administered inhibitor of the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase. ARQ 197 is currently being evaluated as monotherapy and in combination therapy in a Phase 2 clinical development program. We have licensed commercial rights to ARQ 197 for human cancer indications to Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. (“Daiichi Sankyo”) in the U.S., Europe, South America and the rest of the world, excluding Japan and certain other Asian countries, where we have licensed commercial rights to Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd. (“Kyowa Hakko Kirin”).

 

On March 31, 2010, we announced the results of our Phase 2 trial with ARQ 197 in non-small cell lung cancer.  We believe the data from this trial provide a signal of efficacy with a safety profile showing that ARQ 197 was well tolerated.  We plan to present the complete set of data analyses from this trial at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in June, 2010.  With our partner, Daiichi Sankyo, we will consider the results of all of these analyses, as well as related discussions with regulatory authorities, to optimize ongoing and future trials of ARQ 197.

 

Our proprietary pipeline is directed toward molecular targets and biological processes with demonstrated roles in the development of human cancers. The most advanced candidate in this pipeline is ARQ 621, an inhibitor of the Eg5 kinesin motor protein that is in Phase 1 clinical testing. Additional pipeline assets include ARQ 501 and ARQ 761, activators of the cell’s DNA damage response mechanism that we plan to develop further on a partnered basis. We are also pursuing pre-clinical development of an inhibitor of the B-RAF kinase. Our drug design efforts are focused primarily on the ArQule Kinase Inhibitor Platform (“AKIP™”), which we are using to generate compounds designed to inhibit a variety of kinases without competing with adenosine triphosphate (“ATP”) for binding to the target kinase. With the AKIP™ technology, we have discovered and optimized a series of small molecule inhibitors of fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitors that are in pre-clinical development.

 

We have prepared the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to these rules and regulations.  These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and footnotes related thereto for the year ended December 31, 2009 included in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010.

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include, in our opinion, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly our financial position as of March 31, 2010, and the results of our operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be achieved for the full year.

 

2. COLLABORATIONS AND ALLIANCES

 

Daiichi Sankyo Kinase Inhibitor Discovery Agreement

 

On November 7, 2008, we entered into a research collaboration, exclusive license and co-commercialization agreement with Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. under which we are applying our proprietary technology and know-how from our AKIP™ platform for the discovery of therapeutic compounds that selectively inhibit certain kinases. The agreement defines two such kinase targets, and Daiichi Sankyo will have an option to license compounds directed to these targets following the completion of certain pre-clinical studies.

 

The agreement provides for a $15 million upfront payment, which we received in November 2008, research support payments for the first and second years of the collaboration, $3.6 million of which we received in December 2008, licensing fees for compounds discovered as a result of this research, milestone payments related to clinical development, regulatory review and sales,

 

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and royalty payments on net sales of compounds from the collaboration. We retain the option to co-commercialize licensed products developed under this agreement in the U.S.

 

The duration and termination of the agreement is tied to future events. Unless earlier terminated due to breach, insolvency or upon 90 days notice by Daiichi Sankyo, the agreement terminates on the later of (i) the expiration of the research collaboration period, or (ii) various periods specified in the agreement for development and commercialization of products. If Daiichi Sankyo has commercialized a licensed product or products, the agreement will continue in force until such time as all royalty terms for all licensed products have ended. The royalty term, on a country-by country basis for a product, ends as of the later of (i) the expiration of the last valid claim under a patent covering the manufacture, use, or sale of a licensed product or (ii) a certain number of years from the date of the commercial sale of the licensed product in such country.

 

Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated performance period through November 2012. For the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, $2.5 million and $1.4 million, respectively were recognized as revenue. At March 31, 2010, $19.3 million remains in deferred revenue.

 

Daiichi Sankyo ARQ 197 Agreement

 

On December 18, 2008, we entered into a license, co-development and co-commercialization agreement with Daiichi Sankyo to conduct research, clinical trials and the market launch of ARQ 197 in human cancer indications in the U.S., Europe, South America and the rest of the world, excluding Japan, China (including Hong Kong), South Korea and Taiwan, where Kyowa Hakko Kirin has exclusive rights for development and commercialization.

 

The agreement provides for a $60 million cash upfront licensing payment from Daiichi Sankyo to us, which we received in December 2008, and an additional $560 million in potential development and sales milestone payments. We and Daiichi Sankyo will share equally the costs of Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical studies, with our share of Phase 3 costs payable solely from milestone and royalty payments by Daiichi Sankyo. Upon commercialization, we will receive tiered, double-digit royalties from Daiichi Sankyo on net sales of ARQ 197 commensurate with the magnitude of the transaction. We retain the option to participate in the commercialization of ARQ 197 in the U.S.

 

The duration and termination of the agreement is tied to future events. Unless earlier terminated due to breach, insolvency or upon 90 days notice if prior to phase 3 clinical trials or 180 days notice if on or after the beginning of phase 3 clinical trials by Daiichi Sankyo, the agreement shall continue until the later of (i) such time as Daiichi Sankyo is no longer developing at least one licensed product or (ii) if Daiichi Sankyo has commercialized a licensed product or products, such time as all royalty terms for all licensed products have ended. The royalty term, on a country-by country basis for a product, ends as of the later of (i) the expiration of the last valid claim under a patent covering the manufacture, use, or sale of a licensed product or (ii) a certain number of years from the date of the commercial sale of the licensed product in such country.

 

Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated development period through December 2013. For the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, $2.8 million and $3.0 million, respectively, were recognized as revenue. At March 31, 2010, $51.4 million remains in deferred revenue.

 

Kyowa Hakko Licensing Agreement

 

On April 27, 2007, we entered into an exclusive license agreement with Kyowa Hakko to develop and commercialize ARQ 197, a small molecule, selective inhibitor of the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase, in Japan and parts of Asia. A $3 million portion of an upfront licensing fee was received by the Company under this agreement in the first quarter of 2007, and an additional $27 million in upfront licensing fees was received on May 7, 2007. The agreement includes $123 million in upfront and potential development milestone payments from Kyowa Hakko Kirin to ArQule, including the $30 million cash upfront licensing payments. In February 2008, we received a $3 million milestone payment from Kyowa Hakko Kirin. Upon commercialization, ArQule will receive tiered royalties in the mid-teen to low-twenty percent range from Kyowa Hakko Kirin on net sales of ARQ 197. Kyowa Hakko Kirin will be responsible for all clinical development costs and commercialization of the compound in certain Asian countries, consisting of Japan, China (including Hong Kong), South Korea and Taiwan.

 

In addition to the upfront and possible regulatory milestone payments totaling $123 million, the Company will be eligible for future milestone payments based on the achievement of certain levels of net sales. The Company will recognize the payments, if any, as revenue in accordance with its revenue recognition policies. As of March 31, 2010, the Company had not recognized any revenue from these sales milestone payments, and there can be no assurance that it will do so in the future.

 

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The duration and termination of the agreement is tied to future events. Unless earlier terminated due to breach, insolvency or upon 90 days notice by Kyowa Hakko Kirin, the agreement terminates on the date that the last royalty term expires in all countries in the territory. The royalty term ends as of the later of (i) the expiration of the last pending patent application or expiration of the patent in the country covering the manufacture, use, or sale of a licensed product or (ii) a certain number of years from the date of the commercial launch in such country of such license product.

 

Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated development period through April 2016. For the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 $1.0 million were recognized as revenue. At March 31, 2010 $23.6 million remains in deferred revenue.

 

3.  MARKETABLE SECURITIES AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

We generally classify our marketable securities as available-for-sale at the time of purchase and re-evaluate such designation as of each consolidated balance sheet date.  Since we generally intend to convert them into cash as necessary to meet our liquidity requirements our marketable securities are classified as cash equivalents if the original maturity, from the date of purchase, is ninety days or less and as short-term investments if the original maturity, from the date of purchase, is in excess of ninety days but less than one year. Our marketable securities are classified as long-term investments if the maturity date is in excess of one year of the balance sheet date.

 

We report available-for-sale investments at fair value as of each balance sheet date and include any unrealized gains and, to the extent deemed temporary, unrealized losses in stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses are determined using the specific identification method and are included in other income (expense) in the statement of operations.   Certain of our marketable securities are classified as trading securities and any changes in the fair value of those securities are recorded as other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

Investments are considered to be impaired when a decline in fair value below cost basis is determined to be other-than-temporary. We evaluate whether a decline in fair value below cost basis is other-than-temporary using available evidence regarding our investments. In the event that the cost basis of a security exceeds its fair value, we evaluate, among other factors, the duration of the period that, and extent to which, the fair value is less than cost basis, the financial health of and business outlook for the issuer, including industry and sector performance, and operational and financing cash flow factors, overall market conditions and trends, our intent to sell the investment and if it is more likely than not that we would be required to sell the investment before its anticipated recovery. Once a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, a write-down is recorded in the consolidated statements of operations and a new cost basis in the security is established.

 

We invest our available cash primarily in U.S. Treasury bill funds, money market funds, commercial paper fully guaranteed by the FDIC under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP), commercial paper, and U.S. federal and state agency backed certificates, including auction rate securities that have investment grade ratings. Auction rate securities are structured with short-term interest reset dates of generally less than 90 days, but with contractual maturities that can be well in excess of ten years. At the end of each reset period, which occurs every seven to twenty-eight days, investors can sell or continue to hold the securities at par value. If auction rate securities fail an auction, due to sell orders exceeding buy orders, the funds associated with a failed auction would not be accessible until a successful auction occurred, a buyer was found outside the auction process, the underlying securities matured or a settlement with the underwriter is reached.

 

Beginning in the first quarter of 2008 and through the first quarter of 2010, certain auction rate securities failed at auction due to sell orders exceeding buy orders. On November 3, 2008, the Company accepted an offer (“Offering”) by UBS AG (“UBS”) of certain rights (“Put Option”) to cause UBS to purchase auction rate securities owned by the Company. The repurchase rights were offered in connection with UBS’s obligations under settlement agreements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal and state regulatory authorities. The Offering, the settlement agreements, and the respective rights and obligations of the parties, including a release by the Company of UBS and its employees and agents from all claims except claims for consequential damages relating to UBS’s marketing and sale of auction rate securities, are described in a prospectus issued by UBS dated October 7, 2008.

 

As a result of accepting the Offering, the Company received a Put Option from UBS to repurchase the securities at par value at any time during the period from June 30, 2010 through July 2, 2012, if the Company’s auction rate securities have not previously been sold by the Company or by UBS on its behalf.  The Company has accounted for the Put Option as a freestanding financial instrument and elected to record the value under the fair value option for financial assets and financial liabilities.  The Company has classified its auction rate securities as trading securities reflecting the Company’s intent to exercise the Put Option during the period June 30, 2010 to July 2, 2012. The net decrease in value of our Put Option and auction rate securities totaling $0.5 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2010 was recorded as a loss in other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

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ArQule’s marketable securities portfolio as of December 31, 2009 included $59.5 million (at cost) and $53.3 million (at cost) at March 31, 2010 invested in auction rate securities all of which were associated with auctions that failed subsequent to February 12, 2008.

 

On July 8, 2008, we entered into a collateralized, revolving credit line agreement for up to $47.5 million with UBS Bank USA (the “Facility”). In July 2008, we drew down $46.1 million under the Facility.  During 2009 and through the first quarter of 2010, certain of our auction rate securities were redeemed and the note payable balance under the Facility was reduced to $38.1 million at March 31, 2010.

 

In accordance with the Offering by UBS, the Facility remains payable on demand; however, if UBS Bank USA should exercise its right to demand repayment of any portion of the Company’s indebtedness prior to the date the Company can exercise its repurchase rights (other than for reasons specified in the prospectus), UBS and certain of its affiliates will arrange for alternative financing on terms and conditions substantially the same as those contained in the Facility. If alternative financing cannot be established, then UBS or one of its affiliates will purchase the Company’s pledged auction rate securities at par.

 

The following is a summary of the fair value of available-for-sale marketable securities we held at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

 

March 31, 2010

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

Fair
Value

 

Security type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Federal Treasury and U.S. government agencies securities

 

$

34,950

 

$

11

 

$

 

$

34,961

 

Corporate debt securities-short term

 

33,978

 

27

 

(20

)

33,985

 

 

 

68,928

 

38

 

(20

)

68,946

 

Corporate debt securities-long term

 

1,254

 

8

 

 

1,262

 

Total available-for-sale marketable securities

 

$

70,182

 

$

46

 

$

(20

)

$

70,208

 

 

December 31, 2009

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

Fair
Value

 

Security type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Federal Treasury and U.S. government agencies securities

 

$

42,034

 

$

26

 

$

(2

)

$

42,058

 

Corporate debt securities-short term

 

18,770

 

14

 

(1

)

18,783

 

 

 

60,804

 

40

 

(3

)

60,841

 

Corporate debt securities-long term

 

6,236

 

23

 

(5

)

6,254

 

Total available-for-sale marketable securities

 

$

67,040

 

$

63

 

$

(8

)

$

67,095

 

 

The following is a summary of the fair value of trading securities we held at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

March 31, 2010

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

Fair
Value

 

Security type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auction rate securities

 

$

53,317

 

$

 

$

(4,538

)

$

48,779

 

Auction rate put option

 

 

4,312

 

 

4,312

 

Total trading securities

 

$

53,317

 

$

4,312

 

$

(4,538

)

$

53,091

 

 

December 31, 2009

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Gross
Unrealized
Gains

 

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

Fair
Value

 

Security type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auction rate securities

 

$

59,579

 

$

 

$

(4,808

)

$

54,771

 

Auction rate put option

 

 

5,074

 

 

5,074

 

Total trading securities

 

$

59,579

 

$

5,074

 

$

(4,808

)

$

59,845

 

 

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The underlying collateral of our auction rate securities consists primarily of student loans, the majority of which are supported by the federal government as part of the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP). The credit ratings for all of our auction rate securities were AAA when originally purchased. At March 31, 2010, $43.2 million at par value were rated AAA and $10.1 million at par value were rated A.

 

At March 31, 2010, the Company’s marketable securities include auction rate securities and an auction rate put option totaling $50.6 million, and marketable securities-long term include auction rate securities of $2.5 million.  At December 31, 2009, the Company’s marketable securities include auction rate securities and auction rate put option totaling $57.2 million and marketable securities-long term include auction rate securities of $2.6 million.   The auction rate securities and put option are classified as trading securities and accordingly gains and losses are recorded as other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

The following tables present information about our assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the periods presented and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques we utilized to determine such fair value. In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize data points that are observable such as quoted prices, interest rates and yield curves.  We value our level 2 investments using quoted prices for identical assets in the markets where they are traded, although such trades may not occur daily.  These quoted prices are based on observable inputs, primarily interest rates.  Fair values determined by Level 3 inputs are unobservable data points for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. There were no transfers in or out of Level 1 or Level 2 measurements for the periods presented:

 

 

 

March 31,
2010

 

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
(Level 1)

 

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)

 

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

21,507

 

$

21,507

 

$

 

$

 

U.S. Federal Treasury and U.S. government agencies securities

 

34,961

 

 

34,961

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

35,247

 

 

35,247

 

 

Auction rate securities and put option

 

53,091

 

 

 

53,091

 

Total

 

$

144,806

 

$

21,507

 

$

70,208

 

$

53,091

 

 

 

 

December 31,
2009

 

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
(Level 1)

 

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)

 

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

35,044

 

$

35,044

 

$

 

$

 

U.S. Federal Treasury and U.S. government agencies securities

 

42,058

 

 

42,058

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

25,037

 

 

25,037

 

 

Auction rate securities and put option

 

59,845

 

 

 

59,845

 

Total

 

$

161,984

 

$

35,044

 

$

67,095

 

$

59,845

 

 

Due to the lack of market quotes relating to our auction rate securities, the fair value measurements for our auction rate securities have been estimated using an income approach model (discounted cash flow analysis), which is exclusively based on Level 3 inputs. The model considers factors that reflect assumptions market participants would use in pricing including, among others, the collateralization underlying the investments, the creditworthiness of the counterparty, the expected future cash flows, liquidity premiums, the probability of successful auctions in the future, and interest rates. The assumptions used are subject to volatility and may change as the underlying sources of these assumptions and markets conditions change.

 

Due to the lack of market quotes relating to our Put Option, the fair value measurements for our Put Option have been estimated using a valuation approach commonly used for forward contracts in which one party agrees to sell a financial instrument (generating cash flows) to another party at a particular time for a predetermined price, which is based on Level 3 inputs. In this approach the present value of all expected future cash flows is subtracted from the current fair value of the security, and the resulting value is calculated as a future value at an interest rate reflective of counterparty risk. The assumptions used are subject to volatility and may change as the underlying sources of these assumptions and markets conditions change.

 

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The following tables roll forward the fair value of our auction rate securities and put option, whose fair values are determined by Level 3 inputs for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Amount
($ in millions)

 

Balance at December 31, 2009

 

$

59.8

 

Loss on auction rate securities and put option

 

(0.5

)

Settlements

 

(6.2

)

Balance at March 31, 2010

 

$

53.1

 

 

 

 

Amount
($ in millions)

 

Balance at December 31, 2008

 

$

64.2

 

Loss on auction rate securities and put option

 

(0.5

)

Settlements

 

(0.2

)

Balance at March 31, 2009

 

$

63.5

 

 

4.  COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

 

Comprehensive loss is comprised of net loss and other comprehensive loss.  Other comprehensive loss includes unrealized losses on our available-for-sale securities that are excluded from net loss.  Total comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

Net loss

 

$

(9,752

)

$

(9,908

)

Unrealized loss on marketable securities

 

(29

)

(25

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(9,781

)

$

(9,933

)

 

5.  ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses include the following at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009:

 

 

 

March 31,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

Accounts payable

 

$

891

 

$

277

 

Accrued payroll

 

1,787

 

2,709

 

Accrued outsourced pre-clinical and clinical fees

 

9,995

 

8,019

 

Accrued professional fees

 

858

 

552

 

Other accrued expenses

 

545

 

803

 

 

 

$

14,076

 

$

12,360

 

 

6.  NET LOSS PER SHARE

 

Net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Basic and diluted net loss per share amounts are equivalent for the periods presented as the inclusion of potential common shares in the number of shares used for the diluted computation would be anti-dilutive to loss per share. Potential common shares, the shares that would be issued upon the exercise of outstanding stock options, were 6,207,330 and 5,606,711 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

7.  STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION AND STOCK PLANS

 

Our  stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the calculated fair value of the award, and is recognized as an expense over the employees’ requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant). We estimate the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Key input assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options include the exercise price of the award, expected option term, expected volatility of our stock over the option’s expected term, risk-free interest rate over the option’s expected term, and the expected annual dividend yield. We believe that the valuation technique

 

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and approach utilized to develop the underlying assumptions are appropriate in calculating the fair values of our stock options granted in the three months ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009.

 

The following table presents stock-based compensation expense included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

Research and development

 

$

356

 

$

401

 

General and administrative

 

510

 

665

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

866

 

$

1,066

 

 

In the three months ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009, no stock-based compensation expense was capitalized and there were no recognized tax benefits associated with the stock-based compensation expense.

 

Option activity under our stock plans for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was as follows:

 

Stock Options

 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted Average
Exercise Price

 

Outstanding as of December 31, 2009

 

5,215,189

 

$

6.04

 

Granted

 

1,249,150

 

3.42

 

Exercised

 

(12,000

)

3.08

 

Cancelled

 

(245,009

)

10.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding as of March 31, 2010

 

6,207,330

 

$

5.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable as of March 31, 2010

 

3,710,677

 

$

6.22

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding at March 31, 2010 was $6,279, of which $1,851 related to exercisable options. The weighted average fair value of options granted in the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was $2.05 and $2.00 per share, respectively. The intrinsic value of options exercised in the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was $32 and zero, respectively.

 

The total compensation cost not yet recognized as of March 31, 2010 related to non-vested option awards was $5.4 million, which will be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.0 years. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, there were 6,875 shares forfeited with a weighted average grant date fair value of $2.00 per share. The weighted average remaining contractual life for options exercisable at March 31, 2010 was 5.1 years.

 

In January 2009 and 2008, we granted 412,200 and 103,316 shares, respectively, of restricted stock to employees, vesting annually over a four year period. Through March 31, 2010, 37,608 shares were forfeited, and 140,944 shares have vested.  The shares of restricted stock were issued at no cost to the recipients. The fair value of the restricted stock at the time of grant in January 2009 and 2008 was $3.54 and $4.75, respectively, per share, and is being expensed ratably over the vesting period. We recognized share-based compensation expense related to restricted stock of $85 and $207 for the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

8.  RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, we believe that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In October 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standards update on Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements. This standards update amends existing revenue recognition accounting pronouncements and provides accounting principles and application guidance on whether multiple deliverables exist, how the arrangement should be separated, and the consideration allocated. This guidance eliminates the requirement to establish the fair value of undelivered products and services and instead provides for separate revenue recognition based upon management’s estimate of the selling price for an undelivered item when there is no other means to

 

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determine the fair value of that undelivered item. Previous accounting principles required that the fair value of the undelivered item be the price of the item either sold in a separate transaction between unrelated third parties or the price charged for each item when the item is sold separately.  Revenue from our existing multiple-deliverable arrangements is recognized over the estimated development period using the contingency adjusted performance model. Under the new approach, revenue for new contracts will be recognized based upon the estimated selling price of each element in the arrangement. This new approach is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, which for ArQule means no later than January 1, 2011. Early adoption is permitted; however, adoption of this guidance as of a date other than January 1, 2011, will require us to apply this guidance retrospectively effective as of January 1, 2010 and will require disclosure of the effect of this guidance as applied to all previously reported interim periods in the fiscal year of adoption. While we do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our financial position and results of operations, this standard may impact us in the event we complete future transactions or modify existing collaborative relationships.

 

9.  INCOME TAXES

 

As of December 31, 2009, we had federal net operating losses (“NOL”), state NOL, and research and development credit carryforwards of approximately $178,589, $117,108 and $20,659 respectively, which can be used to offset future federal and state income tax liabilities and expire at various dates through 2029. Federal net capital loss carryforwards of approximately $5,000 can be used to offset future federal capital gains and expire in 2010. Approximately $17,580 of our federal NOL and $1,678 of our state NOL were generated from excess tax deductions from share-based awards, the tax benefit of which will be credited to additional paid-in-capital when the deductions reduce current taxes payable.

 

We adopted the authoritative guidance on accounting for uncertainty in income taxes on January 1, 2007. As a result, we recorded no adjustment for unrecognized income tax benefits.  At the adoption date of January 1, 2007, at December 31, 2008, and 2009 we had no unrecognized tax benefits. We do not expect that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly increase in the next twelve months. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of December 31, 2008 and 2009, we had no accrued interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The tax years 2005 through 2009 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which we are subject, which is primarily the U.S. Prior tax years remain open to the extent of net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards.

 

Utilization of NOL and research and development credit carryforwards may be subject to a substantial annual limitation in the event of an ownership change that has occurred previously or could occur in the future pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, as well as similar state provisions. An ownership change may limit the amount of NOL and research and development credit carryforwards that can be utilized annually to offset future taxable income and tax, and may, in turn, result in the expiration of a portion of those carryforwards before utilization. In general, an ownership change, as defined by Section 382, results from transactions that increase the ownership of certain shareholders or public groups in the stock of a corporation by more than 50 percentage points over a three year period. We recently undertook a detailed study of our NOL and research and development credit carryforwards to determine whether such amounts are likely to be limited by Section 382. As a result of this analysis, we currently do not believe Sections 382’s limitations will significantly impact our ability to offset income with available NOL and research and development credit carryforwards. However, future ownership changes under Section 382 may limit our ability to fully utilize these tax benefits.

 

10.  NOTES PAYABLE

 

On July 8, 2008, we entered into a collateralized, revolving credit line agreement for up to $47.5 million with UBS Bank USA (the “Facility”). The Facility is secured by a first priority lien and security interest in the auction rate securities held by us in an account with UBS Financial Services Inc., an affiliate of UBS Bank USA. The credit line is uncommitted and any outstanding balance, including interest, is payable upon demand. Variable rate advances under the Facility carried interest at LIBOR plus 100 basis points. The Facility replaced the $15 million standard margin loan agreement with UBS Financial Services Inc. that we entered into on May 8, 2008. The funds are available for research and development efforts, including clinical trials, and for general corporate purposes, including working capital. In July 2008, we drew down $46.1 million under the Facility. During 2009 and throughout the first quarter of 2010, certain of our auction rate securities were redeemed and the note payable balance under the Facility was reduced to $44.4 million at December 31, 2009 and $38.1 million at March 31, 2010.

 

On November 3, 2008, the Company accepted an offer (“the Offering”) by UBS of certain rights to cause UBS to purchase auction rate securities owned by the Company. The repurchase rights were offered in connection with UBS AG’s obligations under settlement agreements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal and state regulatory authorities. The Offering, the settlement agreements, and the respective rights and obligations of the parties, including a release by the Company of UBS and its employees and agents from all claims except claims for consequential damages relating to UBS’s marketing and sale of auction rate securities, are described in a prospectus issued by UBS dated October 7, 2008.

 

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In accordance with the offering by UBS, the Facility will be treated as a “no net cost loan” as defined in the prospectus. As such, the Facility will remain payable on demand; however, if UBS Bank should exercise its right to demand repayment of any portion of the Company’s indebtedness prior to the date the Company can exercise its repurchase rights (other than for reasons specified in the prospectus), UBS and certain of its affiliates will arrange for alternative financing on terms and conditions substantially the same as those contained in the Facility. If alternative financing cannot be established, then UBS or one of its affiliates will purchase the Company’s pledged auction rate securities at par.

 

In October 2008, we entered into a margin loan agreement with another financial institution collateralized by $2.9 million of our auction rate securities and borrowed $1.7 million which is the maximum amount allowed under this facility. The amount outstanding under this facility is $1.7 million at March 31, 2010.

 

Interest expense was $122 and $166 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are a clinical-stage biotechnology company engaged in the research and development of innovative cancer therapeutics. Our mission is to produce novel medicines with differentiated mechanisms of action that target the specific biological pathways implicated in a wide range of cancers. We employ novel technologies such as our ArQule Kinase Inhibitor Platform (“AKIP™”) to design and develop drugs that have the potential to fulfill this mission.

 

Our products and programs span a continuum of research and development ranging from drug discovery to advanced clinical testing. They are based on our understanding of biological processes that lead to the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells, combined with our ability to generate product candidates possessing certain pre-selected, drug-like properties and designed to act specifically against cancer cells. We believe that these qualities, when present from the earliest stages of product development, increase the likelihood of producing safe, effective and marketable drugs.

 

Our lead product is ARQ 197, a non-adenosine triphosphate (“ATP”)- competitive inhibitor of the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase (“c-Met”). C-Met is a promising target for cancer therapy, as evidence suggests that it plays a key role in cancerous cell proliferation, tumor spread, new blood vessel formation and drug resistance. Our ongoing Phase 2 clinical trial program with ARQ 197 encompasses six tumor types, including non-small cell lung cancer, c-Met-associated soft tissue sarcomas, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, germ cell tumors and colorectal cancer. We believe the trials within the Phase 2 program for ARQ 197 offer the potential for proof-of-principle data that can be generated in one or more indications beginning in early 2010 through 2011, as well as the potential for fast-to-market regulatory pathways in certain indications.

 

On March 31, 2010, we announced the results of a Phase 2 trial with ARQ 197 in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.  In this trial, ARQ 197, when used in combination with erlotinib, demonstrated a 66% improvement in median Progression-Free Survival (“PFS”) in patients with advanced, refractory non-small cell lung cancer.  In the intent to treat population (n = 167), median PFS was 16.1 weeks in the ARQ 197 plus erlotinib arm, compared with 9.7 weeks in the erlotinib plus placebo arm.

 

The difference in PFS between the two arms did not achieve statistical significance (hazard ratio = 0.809) by applying a log-rank test. When adjusting for imbalances in the distribution of key prognostic factors, the difference in PFS was statistically significant (hazard ratio = 0.675) by applying a Cox regression analysis specified for secondary efficacy analyses.

 

Improvement in median PFS was more pronounced in the pre-defined sub-group of patients with non-squamous histology (n = 117); median PFS was 18.9 weeks in the treatment arm versus 9.7 weeks in the control arm, which represents a 94% improvement.  Based on an exploratory Cox regression analysis, the endpoint of PFS was met in the sub-group and achieved statistical significance (hazard ratio = 0.613).

 

There were no clinically relevant differences in adverse event rates between the treatment and control arms.  The majority of adverse events were mild in intensity and included rash, diarrhea and fatigue.

 

One hundred sixty-seven patients were evaluated in this trial.  Participating patients were epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor naïve (“EGFR”) and were randomized one-to-one to receive either the combination of ARQ 197 plus erlotinib or placebo plus erlotinib in second and third line settings.  Erlotinib, marketed as Tarceva™, is an inhibitor of the EGFR tyrosine kinase .

 

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We have licensed commercial rights to ARQ 197 for human cancer indications to Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd. (“Daiichi Sankyo”) in the U.S., Europe, South America and the rest of the world, excluding Japan and certain other Asian countries, where we have licensed commercial rights to Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd. (“Kyowa Hakko Kirin”). Our agreements with these partners provide for possible future milestone payments, royalties on product sales, and development funding, in addition to significant payments that we have already received.

 

Our proprietary pipeline is directed toward molecular targets and biological processes with demonstrated roles in the development of human cancers. The most advanced candidate in this pipeline is ARQ 621, an inhibitor of the Eg5 kinesin motor protein that is in Phase 1 clinical testing. Additional pipeline assets include ARQ 501 and ARQ 761, activators of the cell’s DNA damage response mechanism that we plan to develop further on a partnered basis. We are also pursuing pre-clinical development of an inhibitor of the B-RAF kinase that is in toxicology testing leading to a potential Investigational New Drug (“IND”) submission in 2010.

 

Our drug design efforts are focused primarily on AKIP™, which we are using to generate compounds designed to inhibit kinases without `competing with adenosine triphosphate (“ATP”) for binding to the target kinase. ATP is a chemical found in all living cells and is involved in a variety of physiological processes. We have assessed AKIP™’s potential to target multiple kinases in oncology and other therapeutic areas, and we are generating and validating compounds that inhibit these kinase targets. With the AKIP™ technology, we have discovered and optimized a series of small molecule inhibitors of fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitors that are in pre-clinical development, with the potential submission of an IND for a lead product candidate in 2010. We are also pursuing a drug discovery collaboration with Daiichi Sankyo that utilizes the capabilities of the AKIP™ technology to discover compounds that inhibit two kinase targets in the field of oncology.

 

We have incurred a cumulative deficit of $378.3 million from inception through March 31, 2010. We expect research and development costs to increase during the course of 2010, due to clinical testing of our lead product candidates. We recorded a net loss for 2007, 2008, 2009 and expect a net loss for 2010.

 

Our revenue consists primarily of development funding from our alliances with Daiichi Sankyo and Kyowa Hakko Kirin. Revenue and expenses fluctuate from quarter to quarter based upon a number of factors, notably the timing and extent of our cancer related research and development activities together with the length and outcome of our clinical trials.

 

On December 18, 2008, we entered into a license, co-development and co-commercialization agreement with Daiichi Sankyo to conduct research, clinical trials and commercialization of ARQ 197 in human cancer indications in the U.S., Europe, South America and the rest of the world, excluding Japan, China (including Hong Kong), South Korea and Taiwan, where Kyowa Hakko Kirin has exclusive rights for development and commercialization. The agreement provides for a $60 million cash upfront licensing payment from Daiichi Sankyo to us, which we received in December 2008, and an additional $560 million in potential development and sales milestone payments. We and Daiichi Sankyo will share equally the costs of Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical studies, with our share of Phase 3 costs payable solely from milestone and royalty payments by Daiichi Sankyo. Upon commercialization, we will receive tiered, double-digit royalties from Daiichi Sankyo on net sales of ARQ 197 commensurate with the magnitude of the transaction. We retain the option to participate in the commercialization of ARQ 197 in the U.S. Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated development period through December 2013.

 

On November 7, 2008, we entered into a research collaboration, exclusive license and co-commercialization agreement with Daiichi Sankyo under which we are applying our proprietary technology and know-how from our AKIP™ platform for the discovery of therapeutic compounds that selectively inhibit certain kinases. The agreement defines two such kinase targets, and Daiichi Sankyo will have an option to license compounds directed to these targets following the completion of certain pre-clinical studies. The agreement provides for a $15 million upfront payment, which we received in November 2008, research support payments for the first two years of the collaboration, licensing fees for compounds discovered as a result of this research, milestone payments related to clinical development, regulatory review and sales, and royalty payments on net sales of compounds from the collaboration. We retain the option to co-commercialize licensed products developed under this agreement in the U.S. Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated performance period through November 2012.

 

On April 27, 2007, we entered into an exclusive license agreement with Kyowa Hakko Kirin to develop and commercialize ARQ 197, a small molecule, selective inhibitor of the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase, in Japan and parts of Asia. A $3 million portion of an upfront licensing fee was received by the Company under this agreement in the first quarter of 2007, and an additional $27 million in upfront licensing fees was received on May 7, 2007. The agreement includes $123 million in upfront and potential development milestone payments from Kyowa Hakko Kirin to ArQule, including the $30 million cash upfront licensing payments. In February 2008, we received a $3 million milestone payment from Kyowa Hakko Kirin. Upon commercialization, ArQule will receive tiered royalties in the mid-teen to low-twenty percent range from Kyowa Hakko Kirin on net sales of ARQ 197. Kyowa Hakko Kirin will be responsible for all clinical development costs and commercialization of the compound in certain Asian countries, consisting of

 

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Japan, China (including Hong Kong), South Korea and Taiwan. In addition to the upfront and possible regulatory milestone payments totaling $123 million, the Company will be eligible for future milestone payments based on the achievement of certain levels of net sales. The Company will recognize the payments, if any, as revenue in accordance with its revenue recognition policies. As of December 31, 2009, the Company has not recognized any revenue from these sales milestone payments, and there can be no assurance that it will do so in the future. Revenue for this agreement is recognized using the contingency-adjusted performance model with an estimated development period through April 2016.

 

In May, 2009 we entered into an agreement with Daiichi Sankyo related to potential future milestones and royalties for our AKIP collaboration, under which we could receive up to $265 million in potential development and sales milestone payments for each product selected for clinical development.  Upon commercialization of a licensed product, we would also receive tiered, double-digit royalties on its net sales.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

Increase (decrease)

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities-short term

 

$

143.0

 

$

154.7

 

$

(11.7

)

(8

)%

Marketable securities-long term

 

3.7

 

8.8

 

(5.1

)

(58

)%

Notes payable

 

39.8

 

46.1

 

(6.3

)

(14

)%

Working capital

 

64.7

 

73.6

 

(8.9

)

(12

)%

 

 

 

Q1 2010

 

Q1 2009

 

Increase
(decrease)

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Cash flow from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

$

(9.6

)

$

(13.1

)

$

3.5

 

Investing activities

 

2.8

 

(30.4

)

33.2

 

Financing activities

 

(6.3

)

 

(6.3

)

 

Cash flow from operating activities.  Our uses of cash for operating activities have primarily consisted of salaries and wages for our employees, facility and facility-related costs for our offices and laboratories, fees paid in connection with preclinical and clinical studies, laboratory supplies and materials, and professional fees. The sources of our cash flow from operating activities have consisted primarily of payments from our collaborators for services performed or upfront payments for future services. For the quarter ended March 31, 2010, our net use of cash was primarily driven by the difference between cash receipts from our collaborators, and payments for operating expenses which resulted in a net cash outflow of $9.6 million.

 

Cash flow from investing activities.   Our net cash provided by investing activities of $2.8 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, was comprised of net purchases of marketable securities. The composition and mix of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities may change frequently as a result of the Company’s constant evaluation of conditions in financial markets, the maturity of specific investments, and our near term liquidity needs.

 

Our cash equivalents and marketable securities include U.S.Treasury bill funds, money market funds, commercial paper fully guaranteed by the FDIC under the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP), commercial paper, and U.S. federal and state agency backed certificates, including auction rate securities that have investment grade ratings.

 

Our cash equivalents and our portfolio of marketable securities are subject to market risk due to changes in interest rates. Fixed rate interest securities may have their market value adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. Due in part to these factors, our future investment income may fall short of expectation due to changes in interest rates or we may suffer losses in principal if we are forced to sell securities that decline in market value due to changes in interest rates.

 

Auction rate securities are structured with short-term interest reset dates of generally less than 90 days, but with contractual maturities that can be well in excess of ten years. At the end of each reset period, which occurs every seven to twenty-eight days, investors can sell or continue to hold the securities at par value. If auction rate securities fail an auction, due to sell orders exceeding buy orders, the funds associated with a failed auction would not be accessible until a successful auction occurred, a buyer was found outside the auction process, the underlying securities matured or a settlement with the underwriter is reached.

 

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Beginning in the first quarter of 2008 and continuing through the first quarter of 2010, certain auction rate securities failed at auction due to sell orders exceeding buy orders. On November 3, 2008, the Company accepted an offer (the “Offering”) by UBS AG (“UBS”) of certain rights (“Put Option”) to cause UBS to purchase auction rate securities owned by the Company. The repurchase rights were offered in connection with UBS’s obligations under settlement agreements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal and state regulatory authorities. The Offering, the settlement agreements, and the respective rights and obligations of the parties, including a release by the Company of UBS and its employees and agents from all claims except claims for consequential damages relating to UBS’s marketing and sale of auction rate securities, are described in a prospectus issued by UBS dated October 7, 2008.

 

As a result of accepting the Offering, the Company received a Put Option from UBS to repurchase the securities at par value at any time during the period from June 30, 2010 through July 2, 2012, if the Company’s auction rate securities have not previously been sold by the Company or by UBS on its behalf. The Company has accounted for the Put Option as a freestanding financial instrument and elected to record the value under the fair value option for financial assets and financial liabilities.  The Company has classified its auction rate securities as trading securities reflecting the Company’s intent to exercise the Put Option during the period June 30, 2010 to July 2, 2012. The net decrease in value of our Put Option and auction rate securities totaling $0.5 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was recorded as a loss in other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

Our marketable securities portfolio as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 includes $59.3 million (at cost) and $59.5 million (at cost), respectively, invested in auction rate securities, all of which were associated with auctions that failed subsequent to February 12, 2008.

 

On July 8, 2008, we entered into a collateralized, revolving credit line agreement for up to $47.5 million with UBS Bank USA (the “Facility”). The Facility is secured by a first priority lien and security interest in the auction rate securities held by us in an account with UBS Financial Services Inc., an affiliate of UBS Bank USA. The credit line is uncommitted and any outstanding balance, including interest, is payable upon demand. Variable rate advances under the Facility currently bear interest at a rate not to exceed the weighted average interest rate that we earn from the underlying auction rate securities securing the loan. The Facility replaced the $15 million standard margin loan agreement with UBS Financial Services Inc. that we entered into on May 8, 2008. In July 2008, we drew down $46.1 million under the Facility. The funds are available for research and development efforts, including clinical trials, and for general corporate purposes, including working capital.

 

In accordance with the Offering by UBS, the $46.1 million borrowed under the Facility remains payable on demand; however, if UBS Bank USA should exercise its right to demand repayment of any portion of the Company’s indebtedness prior to the date the Company can exercise its repurchase rights (other than for reasons specified in the prospectus), UBS and certain of its affiliates will arrange for alternative financing on terms and conditions substantially the same as those contained in the Facility. If alternative financing cannot be established, then UBS or one of its affiliates will purchase the Company’s pledged auction rate securities at par.

 

In light of the above arrangement with our auction rate securities and the financial impact of our two agreements with Daiichi Sankyo, including a cumulative $75 million in cash and upfront payments received in the quarter ended December 31, 2008 and certain anticipated milestone and cost-sharing provisions, we expect that our available cash and cash equivalents, including cash received under our auction rate security credit line agreement (as described above), together with cash from operations and investment income, will be sufficient to finance our working capital and capital requirements through at least the end of 2011.

 

Cash flow from financing activities.   Our net cash used by financing activities of $6.3 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2010 was from payments on our notes payable.

 

Our cash requirements may vary materially from those now planned depending upon the results of our drug discovery and development strategies, our ability to enter into additional corporate collaborations and the terms of such collaborations, results of research and development, unanticipated required capital expenditures, competitive and technological advances, acquisitions and other factors. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to develop any of our drug candidates into a commercial product. It is likely we will need to raise additional capital or incur indebtedness to continue to fund our operations in the future. Our ability to raise additional funds will depend on financial, economic and market conditions, and due to global capital and credit market conditions or for other reasons, we may be unable to raise capital when needed, or on terms favorable to us. If necessary funds are not available, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate some of our development programs, potentially delaying the time to market for any of our product candidates.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Our contractual obligations were comprised of the following as of March 31, 2010:

 

 

 

Payment due by period

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Total

 

Less than
1 year

 

1 - 3 years

 

3 - 5 years

 

More than
5 years

 

Notes payable

 

$

39,800

 

$

39,800

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

Operating lease obligations

 

16,990

 

3,447

 

6,984

 

6,131

 

428

 

Purchase obligations

 

10,037

 

10,037

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

66,827

 

$

53,284

 

$

6,984

 

$

6,131

 

$

428

 

 

Purchase obligations are comprised primarily of outsourced preclinical and clinical trial expenses and payments to license certain intellectual property to support the Company’s research efforts. Interest on notes payable is variable and is excluded from the table above. Notes payable of $38.1 million currently bear interest at a rate not to exceed our weighted average auction rate security coupon rate and $1.7 million currently bear interest at LIBOR plus 125 basis points.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

A “critical accounting policy” is one which is both important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results and requires management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. For additional information, please see the discussion of our significant accounting policies in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following are the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease)

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development revenue

 

$

6.3

 

$

5.4

 

$

0.9

 

17

%

 

Research and development revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2010 is comprised of revenue from the Daiichi Sankyo development and research collaborations agreements entered into in 2008 and the Kyowa Hakko Kirin exclusive license agreement. The increase in the three month period is primarily due to revenue from Daiichi Sankyo.

 

Research and development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease)

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

12.4

 

$

11.3

 

$

1.1

 

10

%

 

Research and development expense in the first quarter of 2010 increased by $1.1 million. The increase is primarily due to a $0.5 million increase in personnel and related costs and a $0.6 million increase in clinical and preclinical costs.  At March 31, 2010 we had 83 employees dedicated to our research and development program compared to 78 at March 31, 2009.

 

Overview

 

Our research and development expense consists primarily of salaries and related expenses for personnel, costs of contract manufacturing services, costs of facilities and equipment, fees paid to professional service providers in conjunction with our clinical trials, fees paid to research organizations in conjunction with pre-clinical animal studies, costs of materials used in research and development, consulting, license, and sponsored research fees paid to third parties and depreciation of associated laboratory equipment. We expect our research and development expense to increase as we continue to develop our portfolio of oncology programs.

 

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We have not accumulated and tracked our internal historical research and development costs or our personnel and personnel-related costs on a program-by-program basis. Our employee and infrastructure resources are allocated across several projects, and many of our costs are directed to broadly applicable research endeavors. As a result, we cannot state the costs incurred for each of our oncology programs on a program-by-program basis. The expenses incurred by us to third parties for pre-clinical and clinical trials in the current quarter and since inception of our lead clinical stage program were as follows (in millions):

 

Oncology program

 

Current status

 

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010

 

Program-to-date

 

c-Met program—ARQ 197

 

Phase 2

 

$

3.6

 

$

56.7

 

 

Our future research and development expenses in support of our current and future oncology programs will be subject to numerous uncertainties in timing and cost to completion. We test potential products in numerous pre-clinical studies for safety, toxicology, and efficacy. We may conduct multiple clinical trials for each product. As we obtain results from trials, we may elect to discontinue or delay clinical trials for certain products in order to focus our resources on more promising products. Completion of, clinical trials may take several years or more, but the length of time generally varies substantially according to the type, complexity novelty, and intended use of a product. It is not unusual for the pre-clinical and clinical development of these types of products to each take nine years or more, and for total development costs to exceed $500 million for each product.

 

We estimate that clinical trials of the type generally needed to secure new drug approval are typically completed over the following timelines:

 

Clinical Phase

 

Estimated Completion Period

 

Phase 1

 

1-2 years

 

Phase 2

 

2-3 years

 

Phase 3

 

2-4 years

 

 

The duration and the cost of clinical trials may vary significantly over the life of a project as a result of differences arising during clinical development, including, among others, the following:

 

·   the number of clinical sites included in the trials;

 

·   the length of time required to enroll suitable patients;

 

·        the number of patients that ultimately participate in the trials;

 

·        the duration of patient follow-up to ensure the absence of long-term product-related adverse events; and

 

·        the efficacy and safety profile of the product.

 

An element of our business strategy is to pursue the research and development of a broad pipeline of products. This is intended to allow us to diversify the risks associated with our research and development expenditures. As a result, we believe our future capital requirements and future financial success are not substantially dependent on any one product. To the extent we are unable to build and maintain a broad pipeline of products, our dependence on the success of one or a few products increases.

 

Our strategy includes entering into alliance arrangements with third parties to participate in the development and commercialization of our products, such as our collaboration agreements with Daiichi and Kyowa Hakko Kirin. In the event that third parties have control over the clinical trial process for a product, the estimated completion date would be under control of that third party rather than under our control. We cannot forecast with any degree of certainty whether our products will be subject to future collaborative arrangements or how such arrangements would affect our development plans or capital requirements.

 

As a result of the uncertainties discussed above, we make significant estimates in determining the duration and completion costs of our oncology programs or when and to what extent we will receive cash inflows from the commercialization and sale of a product. Our inability to complete our oncology programs in a timely manner or our failure to enter into appropriate collaborative agreements could significantly increase our capital requirements and could adversely impact our liquidity. These uncertainties could force us to seek additional, external sources of financing from time-to-time in order to continue with our product development strategy. Our inability to raise additional capital, or to do so on terms reasonably acceptable to us, would jeopardize the future success of our business.

 

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Table of Contents

 

General and administrative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease)

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative

 

$

3.3

 

$

3.7

 

$

(0.4

)

(10

)%

 

General and administrative expense decreased in the first quarter of 2010 principally due to lower personnel and related costs. General and administrative headcount was 28 at March 31, 2010, compared to 30 at March 31, 2009.

 

Interest income , interest expense and other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase (decrease)

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

$

0.3

 

$

0.4

 

$

(0.1

)

(14

)%

Interest expense

 

(0.1

)

(0.2

)

(0.1

)

(27

)%

Other income (expense)

 

(0.5

)

(0.5

)

 

(7

)%

 

Interest income is comprised primarily of interest income derived from our portfolio of cash, cash equivalents and investments. Interest expense was incurred on our notes payable and decreased in the first quarter of 2010 due to a lower outstanding loan balance. Other income (expense) in the first quarter of 2009 and 2010 includes a net loss of $0.5 million from the decrease in fair value of our auction rate securities and Put Option.

 

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, we believe that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In October 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standards update on, Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements. This standards update amends existing revenue recognition accounting pronouncements and provides accounting principles and application guidance on whether multiple deliverables exist, how the arrangement should be separated, and the consideration allocated. This guidance eliminates the requirement to establish the fair value of undelivered products and services and instead provides for separate revenue recognition based upon management’s estimate of the selling price for an undelivered item when there is no other means to determine the fair value of that undelivered item. Previous accounting principles required that the fair value of the undelivered item be the price of the item either sold in a separate transaction between unrelated third parties or the price charged for each item when the item is sold separately.  Revenue from our existing multiple-deliverable arrangements is recognized over the estimated development period using the contingency adjusted performance model. Under the new approach, revenue for new contracts will be recognized based upon the estimated selling price of each element in the arrangement. This new approach is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, which for ArQule means no later than January 1, 2011. Early adoption is permitted; however, adoption of this guidance as of a date other than January 1, 2011, will require us to apply this guidance retrospectively effective as of January 1, 2010 and will require disclosure of the effect of this guidance as applied to all previously reported interim periods in the fiscal year of adoption. While we do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our financial position and results of operations, this standard may impact us in the event we complete future transactions or modify existing collaborative relationships.

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

In addition to historical information, this report contains forward-looking statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements by their use of words such as “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “will” and other words and terms of similar meaning. You also can identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts.  All statements which address operating performance, events or developments that the Company expects or anticipates will occur in the future, such as projections about its future results of operations, its financial condition, research, development and commercialization of its products and anticipated trends in its business are forward-looking statements.

 

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In this report we make forward-looking statements regarding our drug development pipeline and our clinical trials involving ARQ 197. Additional forward-looking statements relate to our agreements with Kyowa Hakko Kirin and Daiichi Sankyo, including potential future milestones and royalty payments that could result from the future development of ARQ 197.

 

Drug development involves a high degree of risk. Only a small number of research and development programs result in the commercialization of a product.  For example, pre-clinical efforts associated with our product pipeline may fail or prove disappointing because our technology platform did not produce candidates with the desired characteristics. Animal xenograft pre-clinical studies may be unpredictive of human response.  Positive information about early stage clinical trial results will not ensure that later stage or larger scale clinical trials will be successful.

 

Furthermore, our drugs may not demonstrate promising therapeutic effects; in addition, they may not demonstrate appropriate safety profiles in ongoing or later stage or larger scale clinical trials as a result of known or as yet unidentified side effects. The results achieved in later stage trials may not be sufficient to meet applicable regulatory standards. Problems or delays may arise during clinical trials or in the course of developing, testing or manufacturing our drugs that could lead us or our partner to discontinue development.

 

Even if later stage clinical trials are successful, the risk exists that unexpected concerns may arise from analysis of data or from additional data or that obstacles may arise or issues be identified in connection with review of clinical data with regulatory authorities or that regulatory authorities may disagree with the Company’s view of the data or require additional data or information or additional studies. Also, the planned timing of initiation of clinical trials and the duration and conclusion of such trials for our drugs are subject to the ability of the company to enroll patients, enter into agreements with clinical trial sites and investigators, and other technical hurdles and issues that may not be resolved.

 

We also make forward-looking statements regarding the adequacy of our financial resources.  Our capital resources may not be adequate because our cash requirements may vary materially from those now planned depending upon the results of our drug discovery and development strategies, the outcomes of our clinical trials, our ability to enter into additional corporate collaborations in the future and the terms of such collaborations, results of research and development, the need for currently unanticipated capital expenditures, competitive and technological advances, acquisitions, financial market conditions, our ability to liquidate our investments in auction rate securities and other factors.  Additionally, our corporate collaborators may terminate their agreements with us, thereby eliminating that source of funding, because we may fail to satisfy the prescribed terms of the collaborations or for other reasons.  Finally, we can not assure that UBS will have adequate financial resources to fulfill its repurchase obligations to us.

 

We cannot guarantee that we will be able to develop any of our drug candidates into a commercial product generating revenues.  If we experience increased losses, we may have to seek additional financing from public and private sales of our securities, including equity securities.  There can be no assurance that additional funding will be available when needed or on acceptable terms.

 

The factors, risks and uncertainties referred to above and others are more fully described under the heading “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010, as updated from time to time in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K.  The forward-looking statements contained herein represent the judgment of the Company as of the date of this report.  We are not under any obligation, and we expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

 

ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We own financial instruments that are sensitive to market risk as part of our investment portfolio. We have implemented policies regarding the amount and credit ratings of investments. Our investment portfolio is used to preserve our capital until it is used to fund operations, including our research and development activities. Our investments are evaluated quarterly to determine the fair value of the portfolio.

 

Our cash and marketable securities include US Treasury bill funds, money market funds, and U.S. federal and state agency backed certificates, including auction rate securities that have strong credit ratings.

 

Our cash equivalents and our portfolio of marketable securities are subject to market risk due to changes in interest rates. Fixed rate interest securities may have their market value adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. Due in part to these factors, our future investment income may fall short of expectation due to changes in interest rates or we may suffer losses in principal if we are forced to sell securities that decline in market value due to changes in interest rates.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Auction rate securities are securities that are structured with short-term interest reset dates of generally less than 90 days, but with contractual maturities that can be well in excess of ten years. At the end of each reset period, which occurs every seven to twenty-eight days, investors can sell or continue to hold the securities at par value. If any of our auction rate securities were to fail an auction, due to sell orders exceeding buy orders, the funds associated with a failed auction would not be accessible until a successful auction occurred, a buyer was found outside the auction process, the underlying securities matured or a settlement with the underwriter is reached.

 

Beginning in the first quarter of 2008 and throughout 2008, certain auction rate securities failed auction due to sell orders exceeding buy orders. On November 3, 2008, the Company accepted an offer (the “Offering”) by UBS AG (“UBS”) of certain rights (“Put Option”) to cause UBS to purchase auction rate securities owned by the Company. The repurchase rights were offered in connection with UBS’s obligations under settlement agreements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal and state regulatory authorities. The offering, the settlement agreements, and the respective rights and obligations of the parties, including a release by the Company of UBS and its employees and agents from all claims except claims for consequential damages relating to UBS’s marketing and sale of auction rate securities, are described in a prospectus issued by UBS dated October 7, 2008.

 

As a result of accepting the Offering, the Company received a Put Option from UBS to repurchase the securities at par value at any time during the period from June 30, 2010 through July 2, 2012, if the Company’s auction rate securities have not previously been sold by the Company or by UBS on its behalf. The Company has accounted for the Put Option as a freestanding financial instrument and elected to record the value under the fair value option of the accounting guidance for Financial Instruments. Pursuant to accounting guidance for Investments in Debt and Equity Securities, the Company has classified its auction rate securities as trading securities reflecting the Company’s intent to exercise the Put Option during the period June 30, 2010 to July 2, 2012. The decrease in value of our Put Option and auction rate securities totaling $0.5 million in the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was recorded as a loss in other income (expense) in the statement of operations.

 

ArQule’s marketable securities portfolio at December 31, 2009 included $59.5 million (at cost) and $53.3 million (at cost) at March 31, 2010 invested in auction rate securities all of which were associated with auctions that failed subsequent to February 12, 2008.

 

On July 8, 2008, we entered into a collateralized, revolving credit line agreement for up to $47.5 million with UBS Bank USA (the “Facility”). In July 2008, we drew down $46.1 million under the Facility.  In accordance with the offering by UBS, the Facility remains payable on demand; however, if UBS Bank USA should exercise its right to demand repayment of any portion of the Company’s indebtedness prior to the date the Company can exercise its repurchase rights (other than for reasons specified in the prospectus), UBS and certain of its affiliates will arrange for alternative financing on terms and conditions substantially the same as those contained in the Facility. If alternative financing cannot be established, then UBS or one of its affiliates will purchase the Company’s pledged auction rate securities at par.

 

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and President and Chief Operating Officer (Principal Financial Officer), evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2010. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and our management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2010, our Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and President and Chief Operating Officer (Principal Financial Officer) concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Table of Contents

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. — LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.   None.

 

ITEM 1A. — RIS K FACTORS.   For information regarding factors that could affect the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, see the risk factors discussion provided under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of ArQule’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 filed with the SEC on March 2, 2010, as updated from time to time in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K.  See also, “Forward-Looking Statements” included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALE S OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS .   None.

 

ITEM 3. — DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR S ECURITIES.   None.

 

ITEM 4. — (REMOVED AND RESERV ED). None.

 

ITEM 5. — OTHERS INFORMATIO N. None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

EXHIBIT NO.

 

DESCRIPTION

31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certificate of Chief Executive Officer, filed herewith.

31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certificate of Principal Financial Officer, filed herewith.

32

 

Rule 13a-14(b) Certificate of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, filed herewith.

 

23



Table of Contents

 

ARQULE, INC.

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

ArQule, Inc.

 

 

 

 

Date: May 6, 2010

/s/ PETER S. LAWRENCE

 

Peter S. Lawrence
President and Chief Operating Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

/s/ ROBERT J. WEISKOPF

 

Robert J. Weiskopf
Vice President of Finance,
Corporate Controller and Treasurer
(Principal Accounting Officer)

 

24


Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATE OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

 

I, Paolo Pucci, certify that:

 

1.                I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ArQule, Inc.;

 

2.                Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.                Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.                The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)               Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)              Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)               Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)              Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.                The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)               All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)              Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date:  May 6, 2010

 

 

/s/ PAOLO PUCCI

 

Paolo Pucci

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 


Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATE OF THE PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

 

I, Peter S. Lawrence, certify that:

 

1.                I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of ArQule, Inc.;

 

2.                Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.                Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.                The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)               Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)              Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)               Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)              Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.                The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)               All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)              Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date:  May 6, 2010

 

 

/s/ PETER S. LAWRENCE

 

Peter S. Lawrence

 

President and Chief Operating Officer

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 


Exhibit 32

 

ARQULE, INC.

 

CERTIFICATE OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

 

The undersigned, Paolo Pucci Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) of ArQule, Inc. (the “Company”) and Peter S. Lawrence, President and Chief Operating Officer (Principal Financial Officer), of the Company, both duly elected and currently serving, hereby certify that, to the best of his or her knowledge:

 

1.                the quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the period ending March 31, 2010, filed on behalf of the Company pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) and containing the financial statements of the Company, fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) of the Exchange Act; and

 

2.                the information contained in such quarterly report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company for the dates and periods covered by such quarterly report.

 

This certification accompanies the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2010, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “2002 Act”) and shall not be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act.

 

This certification is being made for the exclusive purpose of compliance by the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer of the Company with the requirements of Section 906 of the 2002 Act, and may not be disclosed, distributed or used by any person for any reason other than as specifically required by law.

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have executed this Certificate as of the 6th day of May 2010.

 

 

/s/ PAOLO PUCCI

 

Name:

Paolo Pucci

Title:

Chief Executive Officer

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

/s/ PETER S. LAWRENCE

 

Name:

Peter S. Lawrence

Title:

President and Chief Operating Officer

 

(Principal Financial Officer)